SPAIN  |  Bilbao, Spain Travel Guide
Wednesday, October 4, 2023
2 Of 2

Guernica (Gernika)

A copy of Picasso's Guernica on a wall in Guernica (Gernika), Spain (cc)
Photo: Joaquin

Guernica Travel Guide


Guernica, Gernika in Basque, is the locale of Picasso's famous painting of the same name, which captures the events of a day of infamy in the history of both the town and Spain at large. Here, on April 26, 1937, at the height of the Spanish Civil War, Hitler’s flight squadron “Condor Legion” methodically bombed the town into oblivion at the behest of General Franco. By the end of the day the entire city had been razed to the ground, with more than 2,000 people dead, killed by either the aerial bombs or machine-gunners who had been ordered to gun down any fleeing civilians. The horrors of the day were memorialized in Picasso’s masterpiece, Guernica, now housed in Madrid’s Museo de Reina Sofía. Picasso, of course, fled the country during the Franco dictatorship. However, he requested that the painting, which had hung at the UN headquarters in New York for years, be returned to his homeland once democracy was restored.


Guernica is located approximately 23 miles (37 km) east of Bilbao in El País Vasco.

How to Get There


Guernica, not surprisingly, has few places of visitor interest. But among those that remain, the most prominent is Gernikako Arbola, a 300-year-old oak tree that stands in the courtyard of the Casa de Juntas del Señorío de Vizcaya, the former meeting place of the Basque General Assembly, beneath which the Vizkaian government met until 1876. Others include the Parish Church of Santa Maria which was three centuries in the making, 1418 to 1715; the 19th-century Neo-classical Church of Santa Maria de la Antigua; the Baroque-style Palacio de Alegria mansion which now houses the Museum of the Basque Country; and the town’s Parque de la Paz which has two notable sculptures, one each by Basque sculptor Eduardo Chillida and British great Henry Moore, entitled Gure Aitaren Etxea (Our Father’s House) and Large Figure in a Shelter respectively, commissioned on the 50th anniversary of the bombing of the town. The town also has the largest pelota (a form of jai alai) court in the world, and a popular historic Monday market.

Main Neighborhoods

  • -

  • -

  • -

  • -

How to Get Around

Where to Party

Where to Eat

Where to Stay

Know Before You Go

  • Best Time to Visit:
  • Cost Per Day: US$-US$ (-)
  • Currency: (US$1 ~ )
  • Electricity: 220-240V - 50Hz
  • Phone Code: +34
  • Population: 16,000
  • Offcial Website:

Nearby Destinations

© Indian Chief Travel Guides

Last updated November 25, 2013
Posted in   Spain  |  Bilbao
No votes yet
Explore the Destination
Amenities and Resources
Trending Themes:

Guides to Popular Ski Resorts

  • Ischgl is a small mountain village turned hip ski resort, with massive appeal among the party-hearty young crowds. It is... Read More

  • Andorra la Vella is its own little world, and not just because it’s a 290-square-mile independent principality (a fifth the... Read More

  • Bariloche (officially San Carlos de Bariloche) is the place to be seen. It is to Argentina what Aspen is to the... Read More

  • Aspen is America's most famous ski resort. And that's an understatement. For, as a ski complex, Aspen is unsurpassed. Its... Read More

  • Zermatt is a small but glamorous mountain resort town, with a population of approximately 5,700. It is one of Switzerland's... Read More

  • St. Moritz is a glitzy, alpine resort town in the celebrated Engadin Valley of Switzerland, with huge notoriety as the... Read More

  • Lake Tahoe is the premier lake resort of America, and the largest alpine lake in all of North America. It is an absolutely... Read More

  • St. Anton, Sankt Anton am Arlberg in German, is Austria's premier ski-bum resort! It's actually a small village cum... Read More

  • Kitzbühel, a small, Tyrolian resort town in the Kitzbüheler Alps, comes with international renown and huge snob appeal, and... Read More


Copyright © 2010-2013 Indian Chief Travel Guides. Images tagged as (cc) are licensed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-SA license.