Jerusalem Travel Guide
Jerusalem is the holiest city on the planet, where you can leaf through the Torah, Bible and Koran in tandem. For here, all three major religions of the world, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, have each staked a claim. The Jews have their Wailing Wall on the slopes of Temple Mount; the Christians have their Church of Jerusalem, "the mother of all churches" of Christendom; and the Muslims, the Dome of Rock and Al Aqsa Mosque, the latter acknowledged as the first Qiblah for Muslim prayer, predating Mecca. This is also where a string of Biblical prophets, each in turn, once held sway – think Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon, and Jesus. But besides all the religiosity, Jerusalem is a profoundly historic and cultural city, with ancient relics and stone walls dating from well before the advent of Christ, and a monumental trove of antiquities popping up at practically every corner in the Old City. Beyond the Old City, however, a modern city unfolds, with all the trappings of a contemporary metropolis – restaurants, bars, clubs and discotheques, and galleries and myriad shopping venues. Still, for the most part Jerusalem remains a place of pilgrimage for the pious and the curious, and an essential stop on any tour of the Middle East.
Jerusalem is situated in in northeastern Israel, on a plateau on the Judean Mountains at an elevation of about 2,490 feet (760 m). It lies 37 miles (60 km) east of Tel Aviv and the Mediterranean Sea, or 22 miles (35 km) west of the Dead Sea.
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