Trier Travel Guide
Trier is one of Germany's oldest cities, founded by the Romans around 16 BC, and thus boasts one of the largest collections of Roman monuments north of the Alps. It is also important as the center of the Mosel Valley's wine trade, situated on the banks of the Mosel River, in the heart of the Mosel wine region, with several wine merchants based here and with local wine shops selling high-quality Mosel wines at discount prices. Besides which, the city owes something of its heritage to its geographical proximity to both Luxembourg and France, with the latter's influence particularly noticeable in Trier, most discernible in the local cuisine, fashion and sense of style, and to some extent even language.
Trier is situated along Germany's western border, just 50 kilometers east of the capital of Luxemburg, with the French border just to the southwest of there. The closest German cities to Trier are Koblenz, 100 kilometers (63 miles) to the northeast, and Saarbrücken, 80 kilometers (50 miles) to the southeast.
For visitors, Trier is enormously rewarding. In addition to its monumental collection of Roman ruins, the city offers up a rich cornucopia of architectural gems from later periods as well. Also of considerable interest in Trier are a 15th-century university, a cathedral with huge notoriety, several old churches, a palace, and one of Germany's richest museums, Rheinisches Landesmuseum, a veritable treasure trove of archaeological finds. Among priorities here are the ancient Porta Nigra and pretty much the entire ensemble of ruins from the Roman era, the city's supremely atmospheric Hauptmarkt, and most importantly the Trier Dom, one of the great cathedrals of Germany.
Trier's most famous son is Karl Marx, philosopher and revolutionary socialist of world renown. There's a museum in town dedicated to him, located in the house where he was born.
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