Buchenwald Travel Guide
Buchenwald occupies a sad place in history: it is the site of the notorious Buchenwald Concentration Camp. That the Nazis constructed a concentration camp practically in the shadows of Weimar, the historical intellectual center of Germany and spiritual home of German humanism, is a travesty of sorts. However, Buchenwald was a labor camp and not simply an extermination center. Between 1937 and 1945 approximately 250,000 Jews were interned here, of whom some 50,000 perished. Sadly, even after the war, between 1945 and 1950, the occupying Soviet forces continued to use the camp as an internment center, both to incarcerate former Nazis as well as people arrested arbitrarily. During this period roughly 28,000 prisoners were held here, of which some 7,000 died, an event that came to light only in the 1990s upon discovery of the mass graves.
Buchenwald is located in a forested area on the northern slopes of Ettersburg, just 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Weimar.
At Buchenwald there is now a memorial, Gedenkstätte Buchenwald, located at the site of the original camp where only the foundations of most of the buildings remain. The sign at the main gate still displays the original message, "JEDEM DAS SEINE" – literally, "to each his own"; figuratively, "everyone gets what they deserve." There is also a museum here, housed in the former storehouse, and a few surviving buildings that include the crematorium, the disinfection building, the arrest cells, and the prisoners' canteen. There is a small fee for public tours.
© Indian Chief Travel Guides
Ischgl is a small mountain village turned hip ski resort, with massive appeal among the party-hearty young crowds. It is... Read More
Andorra la Vella is its own little world, and not just because it’s a 290-square-mile independent principality (a fifth the... Read More
Bariloche (officially San Carlos de Bariloche) is the place to be seen. It is to Argentina what Aspen is to the... Read More
Aspen is America's most famous ski resort. And that's an understatement. For, as a ski complex, Aspen is unsurpassed. Its... Read More
Zermatt is a small but glamorous mountain resort town, with a population of approximately 5,700. It is one of Switzerland's... Read More
St. Moritz is a glitzy, alpine resort town in the celebrated Engadin Valley of Switzerland, with huge notoriety as the... Read More
Lake Tahoe is the premier lake resort of America, and the largest alpine lake in all of North America. It is an absolutely... Read More
St. Anton, Sankt Anton am Arlberg in German, is Austria's premier ski-bum resort! It's actually a small village cum... Read More
Kitzbühel, a small, Tyrolian resort town in the Kitzbüheler Alps, comes with international renown and huge snob appeal, and... Read More