Norway's Fjord Region
The fjords in Norway were created during the latest Ice Age when the layer of ice, which was three km (1.8 mile) thick, cut deep incisions in the earth’s crust. Fjords are found all along the coastline in Norway but the majority are in the four western counties of Møre and Romsdal, Sogn and Fjordane, Hordaland and Rogaland.
The four major fjords in this region are Hardangerfjord, Sognefjord, Nordfjord and Geirangerfjord. Sognefjord is the longest and also the deepest of the Norwegian fjords; some parts of it have been measured as deep as 1,300m(4,000 feet). Geirangerfjord has some of the most spectacular waterfalls found anywhere in the world. Hardangerfjord is known for its flowers and fruit orchards in the springtime.
A Bit of History of Norway's Fjord Region
The west coast of Norway had been frequently visited for centuries, starting when Bergen became an important port for the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages. The merchants in those days were mostly just interested in business and it wasn’t until the 19th century that visitors to the west coast started venturing inland and discovered the fjords. Gradually, the fjord region became more and more popular and the British were particularly keen on traveling across the North Sea to enjoy this unique environment. Before long, organized boat trips were introduced and people from all over Europe followed in the Brits’ footsteps. In those days, by the end of the 19th century, it was only the wealthy who could afford such trips and royals in particular were intrigued by this newly discovered destination. The German emperor Wilhelm II was so impressed by his first visit to the fjords that he came back almost every year after that. Kings and queens from all over Europe and even the Far East also made western Norway one of their favorite getaways.
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