Trondheim is on a peninsula, surrounded by the Trondheimfjord and the Nidelva River, in the middle of the Trøndelag counties. The area is technically not a part of the fjord region, which is farther south, yet the Trondheimfjord is the third-longest fjord in Norway (after the Sognefjord and the Hardangerfjord) and there are many more reasons for Trondheim’s popularity. Trondheim is one of the oldest existing cities in Scandinavia. The city has a quite young population, mostly attributed to the popular university founded in 1968.
A Brief History of Trondheim
One of the main things that make the city so special is its history. The city was founded in 997 by King Olav Tryggvason where a little village named Kaupangr was located. As the town grew, the name changed to Nidaros after the river Nidelva running through it. At the time, neither Oslo nor Bergen existed yet and Nidaros became the capital and central town for trading in the country. Nidaros remained the capital of Norway until 1217, when Bergen took over. The influence of the Hanseatic League in Bergen was too strong and Nidaros consequently lost much of its significance as a commercial port.
The name Nidaros remained, however, and didn’t change to Trondhjem (spelled differently in those days) until the 16th century. The name was changed back to Nidaros in 1930 but the people opposed it so strongly that it was eventually renamed Trondheim, although this time with the contemporary spelling.
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