ICELAND  |  Iceland Travel Guide
Thursday, February 27, 2020



Iceland is the second-largest island in Europe, out-ranked only by Great Britain. Some 4,603 square miles, or 11% of the island=s total area, is covered by glaciers. Another 1,065 square miles are covered with lakes, while 3% is covered with lava. A mere 1% of the land is used for growing crops.

Measuring 185 miles from north to south and 305 miles from east to west, the country has 3,700 miles of rugged coastline. It straddles a submarine ridge that connects Scotland and Greenland, as well as the Mid-Atlantic Rift, one of the planet's major geological faults.

Roughly half of the island belongs in Europe and the other half in North America. The tiny island of Grimsey, off the north coast, sits directly atop the Arctic Circle.

Iceland rises to an average height of 1,640 feet, but its highest point, Hvannadalshnjukur, is a 6,925-foot mountain. Beneath the mountain is Vatnajokull, the largest glacier in all of Europe.

Geologically, Iceland is one of the youngest bodies of land in the world... and it's still changing.


Destinations in Iceland (5)

  • Akranes, Iceland

    Akranes is Iceland's "first fishing village." It is now also one of the country's largest fishing ports. And, with a population of approximately 5,600, it is the ninth-largest town in Iceland. From the tourist perspective,...

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  • Borgarnes, Iceland

    Borgarnes, with a population of 1,900, is becoming known as Borgarbyggd, which has been formed as a union of Borgarnes and several other nearby communities. The area abounds in hot springs, lakes, rivers, and waterfalls

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  • Hellissandur, Iceland

    Hellissandur, an historic fishing village, at the far northern end of the Snaefellsnes Peninsula, is one of the oldest in the country although it lacks a natural harbor. Consistent with the current trend in Iceland, Hellissandur...

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  • Olafsvik and Rif, Iceland

    Olafsvik, according to the Book of Settlements, was originally settled by Olafur the Bloated. On the western end of the Snaefellsnes Peninsula, it has a population of slightly more than 1,000, and has enjoyed municipal status since 1687...

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  • Reykjavik, Iceland

    Reykjavik is the most surprising of European capitals, and the westernmost - northernmost in the world. It is a city of red, green and blue rooftops, a city with the cleanest air in the world, where buildings and pools are heated...

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