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A Brief History of Würzburg, Germany, Würzburg History - Indian Chief Travel
GERMANY  |  Franken, Germany Travel Guide
Monday, August 19, 2019
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A Brief History of Würzburg

A Brief History of Würzburg

Human settlements in Würzburg go back to at least 1000 BC when Celts erected a fort on the site of the present Marienburg. In the mid-seventh century, it became a Frankish ducal seat.

Much of Würzburg’s history was determined by religion. In 689, the Irish missionary St Kilian was murdered here and in 742, the bishopric of Würzburg was founded. In the 12th century, Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa married Beatrice of Burgundy here. He also elevated the bishops to prince-bishops, who would rule the Duchy of Franken up to secularization in 1802. Würzburg became part of Bavaria in 1814.

In 1945, 90% of Würzburg was destroyed by air raids. Large parts of the old town were rebuilt true to the original.

Last updated September 23, 2011
Posted in   Germany  |  Franken
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