Cologne's Dom Area
Cologne's Dom area, which is area surrounding and adjacent to the Cologne Dom, has much to interest the visitor as well. Here, for instance, immediately north of the Dom, is the Cologne Hauptbahnhof (Main Station), an impressive building with a large glass roof, which houses not only the usual train station ticketing booths and platforms, but also a large number of shops that are not subject to regular closing hours. For added interest there's the nearby Hohenzollernbrücke, a busy rail and pedestrian bridge across the Rhine which affords some of the best vistas of the Dom and the old town. Close at hand, too, situated between the bridge and the Dom, is a square named after 1972 Nobel Prize for Literature laureate Heinrich Böll (1917-1985).
The Museum Ludwig, located at Bischofsgartenstraße 1, opened after Peter and Irene Ludwig donated the largest Pop Art collection outside the United States to the Wallraf Richartz Museum. In addition to the original 350 Pop Art paintings, the museum also has a large collection of Russian avant-garde works, and a major collection of works by Picasso. The museum continuously adds new works and some are only a few months old. On the ground floor is the Agfa Photo-Historama – a collection of photos and photographical equipment from the 1840s to the present.
The Römisch-Germanisches Museum (Roman-Germanic Museum), at Roncalliplatz 4, houses articles from the Roman and early Frankish periods. Cologne served as the capital of the Roman province of Lower Germania and was an important trading post with the barbaric Germanic tribes. The magnificent glass and jewelry collections show that these “barbarians” knew how to produce first-class items. The museum is built on the foundations of a former Roman villa that was discovered in 1941 during the construction of an air-raid shelter. The pride of the museum is the second-century Dionysius Mosaic, comprised of more than 1.5 million pieces. It is well preserved and can actually be seen from outside the museum through a huge window. Another large display is the reconstruction of the Mausoleum of Lucius Poblicius – a first-century tomb. Other themes in the museum include Roman statues, architecture, coins, trade, religious objects, and funerary practices. The museum is best visited in the afternoon, or on weekends, to avoid ever-present school groups.
Museum für Angewandte
The Museum für Angewandte Kunst (Museum of Applied Arts) at the Rechtschule is a unique museum that houses one of Germany's principal collections of items covering the Gothic era to the present. Articles range from furniture and clothes to jewelry and tableware. And although the emphasis is on German items, European and Asian objects are also on display.
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