Prince Elector Max Emmanuel, who built large parts of Schloss Nymphenburg, erected another magnificent Baroque palace north of Munich. Neues Schloss Schleißheim (New Palace) Max-Emanuel-Platz 1, was to have been his Versailles. Debt and exile ruined his plans but one of the four planned wings of monumental proportions was eventually completed in 1719. The 335-m (1,000-foot) building has a Late Baroque and Rococo interior, which is partly the work of Johann Baptist Zimmermann and Cosmas Damian Asam. The art gallery includes a remarkable collection of European Baroque paintings, with three works by Rubens. About 50 rooms on two floors are open to the public.
The Hofgarten (Royal Garden) at Neues Schloss Schleißheim, is one of only two Baroque gardens in Germany that survived in an unaltered form. (The other one is Herrenhausen in Hanover.) It is in a French style with formal geometric design. The basic structures were already designed in 1684 and most of it completed early in the 18th century. A center canal leads to the end of the garden where a Baroque folly, the late 17th-century hunting palace of Lustheim, is encircled by smaller canals. Side-canals run the full length of the garden at the width of the main building and come together in a half-circle behind Lustheim. The fountains are operational daily from April to mid-September, 10 am to 4 pm. The gardens are freely accessible year-round.
Schloss Lustheim currently houses the most important early Meissen porcelain collection outside Saxony. The tiger shown at left is from 1732.
[ Related page: Great Castles of Germany. ]
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