Warning: Table './indian16_imh2/cache' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache WHERE cid = 'variables' in /home/indian16/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 128

Warning: Table './indian16_imh2/cache' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache SET data = 'a:1314:{s:13:\"theme_default\";s:11:\"a3_atlantis\";s:13:\"filter_html_1\";s:1:\"1\";s:18:\"node_options_forum\";a:1:{i:0;s:6:\"status\";}s:18:\"drupal_private_key\";s:64:\"5ddf8335b212958291d21fab1076e409a463ed9256d2338c81821b5cf8821e86\";s:10:\"menu_masks\";a:33:{i:0;i:127;i:1;i:126;i:2;i:125;i:3;i:63;i:4;i:62;i:5;i:61;i:6;i:60;i:7;i:59;i:8;i:58;i:9;i:57;i:10;i:56;i:11;i:48;i:12;i:31;i:13;i:30;i:14;i:29;i:15;i:28;i:16;i:25;i:17;i:24;i:18;i:22;i:19;i:21;i:20;i:15;i:21;i:14;i:22;i:13;i:23;i:12;i:24;i:11;i:25;i:10;i:26;i:7;i:27;i:6;i:28;i:5;i:29;i:4;i:30;i:3;i:31;i:2;i:32;i:1;}s:12:\"install_task\";s:4:\"done\";s:13:\"menu_expanded\";a:1:{i:0;s:17:\"menu-taxonomymenu\";}s:9:\"site_name\";s:19:\"INDIAN CHIEF TRAVEL\";s:9:\"site_mail\"; in /home/indian16/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 128

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/indian16/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc:128) in /home/indian16/public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 636

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/indian16/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc:128) in /home/indian16/public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 637

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/indian16/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc:128) in /home/indian16/public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 638

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/indian16/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc:128) in /home/indian16/public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 639
A Brief History of Bayonne's Basque Country, French Basque Country History - Indian Chief Travel
FRANCE  |  Bayonne, France Travel Guide
Monday, August 19, 2019
images
1 Of 5

A Brief History of Bayonne's Basque Country

A Brief History of Bayonne's Basque Country

Basque history goes back many centuries. Bayonne was called Lapurdum during ancient Roman occupation, and the city served as a military compound. Over the years, the city was fortified against enemy attack. It wasn’t until the 11th century that it became known as Bayonne.

The Basque Country served as a major crossroads for centuries. Key armies passed through this centrally-located region en route to Spain and Portugal, including the Romans, Visigoths, Normans, Muslims and Celts. The Basque Country itself also changed hands frequently, and suffered as the setting and even the target of numerous conflicts and battles. There is, however, a rich and diverse culture here, steeped in fine and noble traditions. 

Bayonne's Basque Country Orientation

Bayonne and the French Basque Country’s geography is marked most prominently by two major influences: the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Pyrenees Mountains to the south. Bayonne is especially influenced by water, situated as it is between the ocean and two rivers. Biarritz is just to the south, and Saint-Jean-de-Luz is the last major town before heading south into Spain and neighboring Saint-Sebastian. Pau sits in the foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains.

The Basque Connection

French Basque culture seems more closely connected with Spain than with France. Much like Catalonia, the French Basque Country shares a shoreline with Spain, and the mountains form the boundary between the two nations. While the Catalans are independent on a more intellectual level, devoted as they are to the history, language and culture, the Basques are fiercer about their autonomy.

Last updated May 25, 2011
Posted in   France  |  Bayonne
No votes yet
Explore the Destination
Amenities and Resources
Trending Themes:

Guides to Popular Ski Resorts

  • Ischgl is a small mountain village turned hip ski resort, with massive appeal among the party-hearty young crowds. It is... Read More

  • Andorra la Vella is its own little world, and not just because it’s a 290-square-mile independent principality (a fifth the... Read More

  • Bariloche (officially San Carlos de Bariloche) is the place to be seen. It is to Argentina what Aspen is to the... Read More

  • Aspen is America's most famous ski resort. And that's an understatement. For, as a ski complex, Aspen is unsurpassed. Its... Read More

  • Zermatt is a small but glamorous mountain resort town, with a population of approximately 5,700. It is one of Switzerland's... Read More

  • St. Moritz is a glitzy, alpine resort town in the celebrated Engadin Valley of Switzerland, with huge notoriety as the... Read More

  • Lake Tahoe is the premier lake resort of America, and the largest alpine lake in all of North America. It is an absolutely... Read More

  • St. Anton, Sankt Anton am Arlberg in German, is Austria's premier ski-bum resort! It's actually a small village cum... Read More

  • Kitzbühel, a small, Tyrolian resort town in the Kitzbüheler Alps, comes with international renown and huge snob appeal, and... Read More

 

Copyright © 2010-2013 Indian Chief Travel Guides. Images tagged as (cc) are licensed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-SA license.