Perugia Travel Guide
Perugia is a supremely historic Etruscan city, famous for its High Renaissance art, Etruscan antiquities, and chocolate. Of the last it can be said that Perugia is the home of Italy's premier chocolatier, the century-old Perugina, maker of the popular hazelnut-filled chocolate kisses, Baci. There is a chocolate festival, Eurochocolate, held here in October every year to celebrate the city's chocolate heritage. The city, in any case, is built into the hills above the Tiber Valley, some 1,617 feet (493 m) above sea level, cascading down the hillsides in a sea of ancient stone-brick homes and buildings with red-tile roofs, surrounded by remarkably well preserved travertine walls and star-shaped medieval fortifications, offering fabulous views of the lush Umbrian countryside below. The city fans out from its atmospheric old center, like the palm of a hand, into five main quarters – Porta Sole, Porta San Pietro, Porta Eburnea, Porta Santa Susanna and Porta Sant’Angelo. Most of the sights and monuments, however, are mainly in the city center – all glorious reminders of Perugia's heyday during the Etruscan era and into the Middle Ages when it was a powerful city state, one of the 12 lucomonies that held sway over present-day Tuscany and Umbria. Thus, with the concentration of its antiquities in a single locale, Perugia offers in itself one of the most condensed and visually striking tours of any city in Italy.
Perugia is the capital of the Italian region of Umbria, situated in north-central Italy, some 102 miles (164 km) north of Rome. From Assisi, Perugia is 12 miles (19 km) distant; from Siena, 64 miles (102 km); and from Florence, 90 miles (145 km).
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